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Attributes are the basic building blocks for a character's combat ability. The five primary attributes are strength, agility, stamina, intellect, and spirit. These five attributes along with armor appear on the character sheet under "Base Stats". These are often referred to as simply stats.
A number of secondary attributes affect specific areas of combat more directly, and are often influenced in some way by a primary attribute. Secondary attributes include critical strike rate, damage absorption, attack power, spell power, and many others.
All characters inherently have some amount of each attribute that increases with level depending mainly on class. For example, a mage will have more base intellect than a rogue, who will have more base agility. Increasing these attributes is mainly done with equipment, as well as temporary effects such as buffs, elixirs, scrolls, auras, and many other means.
Nearly all combat mechanics rely in some way on one or more character attributes. Increasing the appropriate attribute will increase damage done, reduce damage taken, increase healing done, affect a character's mana or health, or other benefits. Understanding how these attributes work is important for effective combat.
AddOns such as RatingBuster can show you the actual improvements in game to your Secondary attributes which are more directly applied to combat mechanics.
Strength (often abbreviated STR) has the following effects:
- Increases attack power with melee weapons:
- Increases parry rating for warriors, paladins, and death knights by 27% of strength.
- Paladin talent Touched by the Light (Protection, Spec passive) increases spell power by 60% of Strength.
Strength does not affect the chance to land a critical strike. Strength does not improve the chance to block.
- See also: Critical strike
Agility (often abbreviated AGI) has the following effects:
- Increases attack power with ranged weapons (not including wands) or melee weapons for certain classes.
- Increases chance to score a critical hit with a weapon.
- Increases chance to dodge attacks. This is dependent on both class and level, in fact death knights, paladins and warriors don't.
Agility Equivalence Points is a notable formula for calculating the contribution of agility. It might be outdated with regard to hunters.
Stamina (often abbreviated STA) has the following effects:
- Stamina provides 1 health per stamina for the first 20 points of stamina, and 10 health per point of stamina thereafter.
- Stamina also increases the health of a player's pet for classes with pets, although not from the player's base stamina (the stamina the player has without any armor or talent bonuses). They gain between 3 and 11 health per point of stamina, depending on the pet's type and the master's talents (see the hunter pet, minion and Risen Ghoul articles for details). There are other non-standard adjustments that can be made for stamina:
- Death knights -- provides an 8% bonus to stamina. The Blood talent tree specialization provides 9% stamina. The death knight-only runes Rune of the Stoneskin Gargoyle and Rune of the Nerubian Carapace provide a 2% and 1% bonus to stamina, respectively.
- Druids — talent (Restoration, tier 1) provides a +2%/4%/6% bonus to stamina.
- Hunters — talent (Survival, tier 1) provides a +4%/7%/10% bonus to stamina.
- Paladins receive 15% stamina from when choosing the Protection talent specialization.
- Shamans — talent (Enhancement, tier 2) provides a +3%/7%/10% bonus to stamina.
- Warlocks — talent (Demonology, tier 1) provides a +4%/7%/10% bonus to stamina.
- Warriors receive 15% stamina from by choosing Protection specialization.
- Stamina is one of the key attributes of tanks (dodge, parry, and block also being very important). It is useful to every class in PvP. Non-tank PvE characters should not actively seek out stamina, but some of it is found on nearly any piece of gear.
Intellect (often abbreviated as INT) has the following effects:
- Increases spell power by 1 per point at level 80 or above. Intellect is now the main source of spell power for most cases.
- Increases mana pool. Each point of intellect gives player characters 15 mana points (except from the first 20 points of Intellect that provide 1 mana for each point instead). Warlock minions gain 1 mana per point of base intellect, imps gain ~4.9 mana for each additional point of intellect, while all other minions gain ~11.5 mana for each additional point of intellect.
- Increases chance to score a spell critical strike. This increase varies by class and level; in general, the relationship is linear as intellect increases. The rate of increase is generally based on the amount of intellect a class is expected to have at a certain level, given by the following table.
Intellect in Mists of PandariaThis section concerns content exclusive to Mists of Pandaria.
Spirit (often abbreviated SPI) has the following effects:
- Increases in-combat mana regeneration for healers. It's the primary attribute for mana regeneration of healers.
- Adds 1 spell hit rating per point for shadow priests, elemental shaman and balance druids.
Spirit is made more valuable by abilities that increase other stats based on Spirit.
Some attributes appear as lime green (similar to uncommon color) on tooltips. There is no official explanation for why these attributes are colored this way, but it appears that they are always secondary attributes.
Secondary attributes are player stats that affect combat directly. The four primary attributes only indirectly affect combat, by contributing to these attributes.
- Main article: Mastery
Mastery is a unique secondary attribute that has different effects depending on class and specialization.
- Weapon damage - Weapon damage is a property of the player's equipped weapon. Melee weapon damage is increased by enchants and sharpening stones. Ranged damage is increased with scopes.
- Weapon speed - Weapon speed is a property of the player's equipped weapon and determines the time between attacks with that weapon.
- Attack power - (Abbreviated as AP) Increases damage of an equipped weapon. Attack power is increased directly by gear and buffs with the attack power stat, and indirectly by strength and agility (only for hunters, rogues, shamans, and cat-form druids).
- Ranged attack power - (Abbreviated as RAP) Increases damage of an equipped bow, crossbow or gun, but not wands. Ranged attack power is increased similarly to melee attack power.
- Critical strike - Percentage of attacks that will result in a critical strike. Crit chance is increased directly by critical strike rating, a combat rating, and indirectly by agility.
- Hit - Increases chance to hit with melee weapons by a percentage. Hit chance is increased by hit rating, a combat rating.
- Haste - Decreases the time between attacks. This effectively increases weapon speed, but has no effect on cooldowns. Haste is increased directly by haste rating, a combat rating.
- Expertise - Reduces the enemy's chance to dodge/parry by .25% per point of expertise.
Spell hit- Increases the chance spells will hit their target. Spell hit is increased by the same hit rating used for melee hit, but the effects differ after that point. Spell hit was collapsed into general hit rating in Mists of Pandaria. Spell crit chance- Percentage of spells that will result in a spell critical strike. Spell crit chance is increased by critical strike rating and intellect. Spell crit chance was collapsed into general critical strike rating in Mists of Pandaria.
- Spell penetration - Reduces the target's resistance. Spell penetration is increased directly by gear with the spell penetration rating. It is useful in PvP, not in PvE.
- Casting speed - The rate at which spells can be cast. Increased by haste rating. Can lower the global cooldown in cases where spells are cast fast enough to be limited by it.
- Dodge - Chance to dodge incoming melee attacks. Ranged attacks cannot be dodged. Dodge is increased by dodge rating and agility. Only tanks should use gear with dodge rating.
- Parry - Chance to parry melee attacks with a melee weapon. Ranged attacks cannot be parried. Parry is increased by parry rating and strength. Only (non-druid) tanks should use gear with parry rating.
- Block - Chance to block melee and ranged attacks with a shield. Warrior and paladin tanks receive additional block chance through their respective mastery and abilities such as Shield Block.
- Armor - Decreases physical damage received. Increases your pet's Armor. Armor is always present on equippable items, such as chest pieces and shields. Shields and plate items generally have the most armor, while cloth items have the least. The base armor of an item is determined directly by its type (cloth, leather, mail or plate), item level and slot (chest, head, legs, etc.). Some items have extra armor, which is indicated by the total amount of armor appearing in green on the tooltip. Rings, weapons, amulets and trinkets have no base armor, but may have bonus armor.
- Resistance - Decreases the damage taken from magical attacks.
- Resilience - Decreases the damage taken from enemy players. Resilience is increased through equipment with resilience which is found on PvP gear. Resilience does not have any effect against an npc.
TertiaryThis section concerns content exclusive to Warlords of Draenor.
Warlords of Draenor will add random and rare "tertiary" attributes to some items. These are not truly attributes in the sense that they boost some characteristic of the player during combat, but more like abilities attached to items like being able to proc.
- See also: Attack power
Base statistics affect attack power (which contributes to DPS) as follows:
- Strength will always contribute to the physical melee attack power for all classes.
- Rogues, hunters and shamans can also use Agility in addition to Strength to increase their base physical melee attack power.
- Druids in Cat Form can also use Agility to increase their base physical melee attack power. However, Agility also affects critical strike percentage which directly affects Cat Form abilities such as Primal Fury. This gives an added attack power equivalence.
- Agility is the only primary statistic to affect physical ranged attack power (bows and crossbows, guns, throwing weapons) for all classes capable of using them. This is especially important for hunters.
- Wand damage is not affected by a primary statistic.
- Main article: Avoidance (attack table)
Not specifically an attribute, but more of an attack table cumulative rating. Represents chance to avoid an attack with a combination of dodge, parry, and chance to miss (which is a fixed percentage depending on the target). Avoidance should not be confused with mitigation which reduces damage from an attack.
- Agility will increase the chance to score a critical strike with both physical ranged and melee damage for all classes. The amount needed per point varies by class.
- Intellect will increase the chance to score a critical strike with spells. For a mage at level 60, the rate is 1% per 59.5 points of intellect.
- Critical strike rating increases the chance for both spell and physical affects to score a critical strike.
- Agility will determine a character's chance to dodge an attack. Rogues and druids (as of 2.03) gain a much stronger bonus to dodge than other classes.
Fighting with two weapons, using off-hand, two-handed
Random attributes on items
- ...of the Bandit - Agility, Stamina, Critical Strike Rating
- ...of the Bear - Stamina, Strength
- ...of the Beast - Hit Rating, Critical Strike Rating, Stamina
- ...of the Bedrock - Stamina, Strength, Mastery Rating, Parry Rating
- ...of the Bouldercrag - Stamina, Strength, Dodge Rating, Parry Rating
- ...of the Champion - Strength, Stamina, Dodge Rating
- ...of the Eagle - Intellect, Stamina
- ...of the Earthbreaker - Stamina, Strength, Critical Strike Rating, Mastery Rating
- ...of the Earthfall - Stamina, Strength, Critical Strike Rating, Haste Rating
- ...of the Earthshaker - Stamina, Strength, Hit Rating, Critical Strike Rating
- ...of the Elder - Stamina, Spirit, Intellect
- ...of the Faultline - Stamina, Strength, Haste Rating, Mastery Rating
- ...of the Feverflare - Stamina, Intellect, Haste Rating, Mastery Rating
- ...of the Fireflash - Stamina, Intellect, Critical Strike Rating, Haste Rating
- ...of the Flameblaze - Stamina, Intellect, Mastery Rating, Hit Rating
- ...of the Galeburst - Stamina, Agility, Hit Rating, Expertise Rating
- ...of the Invoker - Intellect, Critical Strike Rating
- ...of the Landslide - Stamina, Strength, Hit Rating, Expertise Rating
- ...of the Marksman - Stamina, Agility, Hit Rating
- ...of the Mercenary - Stamina, Strength, Haste Rating
- ...of the Monkey - Agility, Stamina
- ...of the Mountainbed - Stamina, Strength, Mastery Rating, Expertise Rating
- ...of the Rockslab - Stamina, Strength, Mastery Rating, Dodge Rating
- ...of the Seer - Stamina, Intellect, Critical Strike Rating
- ...of the Soldier - Strength, Stamina, Critical Strike Rating
- ...of the Sorcerer - Stamina, Intellect, Haste Rating
- ...of the Stormblast - Stamina, Agility, Hit Rating, Critical Strike Rating
- ...of the Tiger - Agility, Hit Rating
- ...of the Undertow - Stamina, Intellect, Haste Rating, Spirit
- ...of the Wavecrest - Stamina, Intellect, Mastery Rating, Spirit
- ...of the Whale - Spirit, Stamina
- ...of the Wildfire - Stamina, Intellect, Hit Rating, Critical Strike Rating
- ...of the Windflurry - Stamina, Agility, Critical Strike Rating, Haste Rating
- ...of the Windstorm - Stamina, Agility, Critical Strike Rating, Mastery Rating
- ...of the Zephyr - Stamina, Agility, Haste Rating, Mastery Rating
Attributes removed in Warlords of DraenorThis section concerns content exclusive to Warlords of Draenor. This section concerns content that is not yet released.
Attributes that were removed from itemization in Warlords of Draenor:
Attributes removed in Mists of PandariaThis section concerns content exclusive to Mists of Pandaria.
Attributes removed in CataclysmThis section concerns content exclusive to Cataclysm.
In Warlords of DraenorThis section concerns content exclusive to Warlords of Draenor. This section concerns content that is not yet released.
In Mists of PandariaThis section concerns content exclusive to Mists of Pandaria.
- β Patch 5.0.1 (Beta): Spell hit rolled into hit rating. Spell crit chance rolled into Critical strike rating.
In CataclysmThis section concerns content exclusive to Cataclysm.
- Patch 4.2.0 (28-Jun-2011):
- / Patch 4.0.1 (12-Oct-2010):
- Strength: Now gives 0.25 parry ratting per point to plate wearing classes.
- Stamina: Now gives 14 health per point (up from 10).
- Agility: Now provides 2 melee attack power per point to rogues, shamans and druids and no longer increases armor.
- Intellect: Now provides Spell power.
- Spirit: No longer increases Health regeneration.
- Defense: Stat has been removed from gear.
- Block value: Stat has been removed.
- Armor Penetration: Stat has been removed from gear, all previous items with ArP have had it converted to Crit or Haste depending on which stats was not present in the item. (Still exists in skills, debuffs, etc.)
- Mana Regeneration: Stat has been removed, all previous items with MP5 have had it converted to Spirit.
- Spell power: Has been removed on most items. (Usually found only on weapons now.)
- Resilience: No longer reduces chance of receiving a critical hit and is now a flat reduction on damage taken from other players.
- Mastery: New stat has been introduced.
In Wrath of the Lich KingThis section concerns content exclusive to Wrath of the Lich King.
- Patch 3.2.0 (04-Aug-2009):
- Agility: The amount of agility required per percentage of dodge has been increased by 15%. This change required recalibrating the amount of dodge a player has with 0 agility by a slight amount as well, so all players will see their dodge percentage vary a small amount.
- Block rating: The amount of bonus block value on all items has been doubled. This does not affect the base block value on shields or block value derived from strength.
- Dodge Rating: The amount of dodge rating required per percentage of dodge has been increased by 15%. This is before diminishing returns. Combined with other changes, this makes dodge rating and parry rating equally potent before diminishing returns apply.
- Mana Regeneration: All items that provide "X mana per five seconds" have had the amount of mana they regenerate increased by approximately 25%.
- Parry Rating: The amount of parry rating required per percentage of parry has been reduced by 8%. This is before diminishing returns. Combined with other changes, this makes dodge rating and parry rating equally potent before diminishing returns apply. Parry still diminishes more quickly than dodge.
- Resilience: No longer reduces the amount of damage done by damage-over-time spells, but instead reduces the amount of all damage done by players by the same proportion. The other effects of resilience (reducing critical chance, critical damage and mana drain effects) have not changed.
- ^ RatingBuster AddOn at WoW Curse
- ^ Tseric 2005-12-01. Re: 100 int can't be = 1% crit. WoW US Mage forum. Archived from the original on 2005-12-01. Retrieved on 2007-10-03.
- ^ Tseric 2006-05-31. Re: 59.5 int per crit for *every* class.. WoW US General forum. Archived from the original on 2006-05-31. Retrieved on 2007-10-03.
- ^ Whitetooth 2008-07-30. Combat Ratings at level 80. Retrieved on 2009-06-12.
- ^ Kaivax 2011-11-11. #53 - I don't get why the MoP int change is needed. Official Healing forum (US).
- ^ Wowhead. Warlords of Draenor Recap (from BlizzCon 2013). Wowhead. Retrieved on 2013-01-27.